NIGPAS OpenIR  > 中国科学院南京地质古生物研究所
Calibrating the End-Permian Mass Extinction
Shen, Shu-zhong (沈树忠)1; Crowley, James L.2,3; Wang Yue (王玥)1; Bowring, Samuel A.2; Erwin, Douglas H.4,5; Sadler, Peter M.6; Cao, Chang-qun (曹长群)1; Rothman, Daniel H.2,7; Henderson, Charles M.8; Ramezani, Jahandar2; Zhang, Hua (张华)1; Shen, Yanan1,9; Wang, Xiang-dong (王向东)1; Wang, Wei (王伟)1; Mu, Lin (牟林)1; Li, Wen-zhong1,10; Tang, Yue-gang11; Liu, Xiao-lei1,12; Liu, Lu-jun (刘陆军)1; Zeng, Yong13; Jiang, Yao-fa14; Jin, Yu-gan (金玉玕)1
2011-12-09
Source PublicationSCIENCE
ISSN0036-8075
Volume334Issue:6061Pages:1367-1372
Abstract

The end-Permian mass extinction was the most severe biodiversity crisis in Earth history. To better constrain the timing, and ultimately the causes of this event, we collected a suite of geochronologic, isotopic, and biostratigraphic data on several well-preserved sedimentary sections in South China. High-precision U-Pb dating reveals that the extinction peak occurred just before 252.28 +/- 0.08 million years ago, after a decline of 2 per mil (parts per thousand) in delta(13)C over 90,000 years, and coincided with a delta(13)C excursion of -5 parts per thousand that is estimated to have lasted <= 20,000 years. The extinction interval was less than 200,000 years and synchronous in marine and terrestrial realms; associated charcoal-rich and soot-bearing layers indicate widespread wildfires on land. A massive release of thermogenic carbon dioxide and/or methane may have caused the catastrophic extinction.

DOI10.1126/science.1213454
Language英语
WOS KeywordTriassic Boundary ; Biotic Crisis ; South China ; Carbon-cycle ; Marine ; Event ; Recovery ; Coal ; Oceans ; Rocks
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Basic Research Program of China[2006CB806400] ; National Basic Research Program of China[2011CB808905] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)/State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs of China (SAFEA) ; CAS[KZCX2-YW-Q08-4] ; basic research program of Jiangsu Province for the Nanjing Group[BK2010022] ; U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Astrobiology Institute ; NASA[NNX09AM88G] ; NASA[NNA08CN84A] ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics
WOS SubjectMultidisciplinary Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000297787700043
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Basic Research Program of China ; Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)/State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs of China (SAFEA) ; CAS ; basic research program of Jiangsu Province for the Nanjing Group ; U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Astrobiology Institute ; NASA ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)
PublisherAMER ASSOC ADVANCEMENT SCIENCE
Citation statistics
Cited Times:356[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.nigpas.ac.cn/handle/332004/466
Collection中国科学院南京地质古生物研究所
其他
Corresponding AuthorShen, Shu-zhong (沈树忠)
Affiliation1.Nanjing Inst Geol & Palaeontol, State Key Lab Palaeobiol & Stratig, Nanjing 210008, Peoples R China
2.MIT, Dept Earth Atmospher & Planetary Sci, Boston, MA 02130 USA
3.Boise State Univ, Dept Geosci, Boise, ID 83725 USA
4.Natl Museum Nat Hist, Dept Paleobiol, Washington, DC 20013 USA
5.Santa Fe Inst, Santa Fe, NM 87591 USA
6.Univ Calif Riverside, Dept Earth Sci, Riverside, CA 92521 USA
7.MIT, Lorenz Ctr, Cambridge, MA 02139 USA
8.Univ Calgary, Dept Geosci, Calgary, AB T2N 1N4, Canada
9.Univ Sci & Technol China, Sch Earth & Space Sci, CAS Key Lab Crust Mantle Mat & Environm, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China
10.Deakin Univ, Sch Life & Environm Sci, Burwood, Vic 3125, Australia
11.China Univ Min & Technol, Dept Geol, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China
12.Univ Bremen, D-28359 Bremen, Germany
13.China Univ Min & Technol, Sch Resources & Geosci, Xuzhou 221008, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
14.Jiangsu Geol Survey Architectural Inst, Xuzhou 221116, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationNanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeonotology,CAS
Corresponding Author AffilicationNanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeonotology,CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Shen, Shu-zhong ,Crowley, James L.,Wang Yue ,et al. Calibrating the End-Permian Mass Extinction[J]. SCIENCE,2011,334(6061):1367-1372.
APA Shen, Shu-zhong .,Crowley, James L..,Wang Yue .,Bowring, Samuel A..,Erwin, Douglas H..,...&Jin, Yu-gan .(2011).Calibrating the End-Permian Mass Extinction.SCIENCE,334(6061),1367-1372.
MLA Shen, Shu-zhong ,et al."Calibrating the End-Permian Mass Extinction".SCIENCE 334.6061(2011):1367-1372.
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