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Anatomy of Stigmaria asiatica Jongmans et Gothan from the Asselian (lowermost Permian) of Wuda Coalfield, Inner Mongolia, North China

Chen, Bi-Yun(陈碧云)1,2; Wan, Ming-Li(万明礼)1; Zhou, Wei-Ming1; Wang, Shi-Jun4; Wang, Jun(王军)1,3
2022-06-01
Source PublicationPALAEOWORLD
ISSN1871-174X
Volume31Issue:2Pages:311-323
Abstract

Stigmaria asiatica Jongmans et Gothan is a common species from the Permo-Carboniferous of East Asia. It is characterized by a relatively slender rhizomorph and represents the underground rooting system of lowland arborescent lycopsids. This species from the Wuda Coalfield (Asselian, lower Permian) represents the recovery taxon dominating the subsequent peat-forming vegetation after a volcanic eruption destroyed the previous flora, termed the Wuda Tuff Flora (Chinese "vegetational Pompeii "). It is characterized by novel downward axes, probably for access to deeper groundwater. Here, the anatomy of S. asiatica , including that of the axes and rootlets, is reported in detail for the first time. The axis contains stelar tissues, including pith, primary and secondary xylem, and phloem, and both primary and secondary cortical tissues. The primary cortex is tripartite and is divided into inner, middle, and outer zones. Secondary cortex is produced in the interior of the outer cortex splitting the outer cortex into inner and outer portions. The homogeneous pith and mesarch primary xylem maturation of S. asiatica are different from previously recorded species of Stigmaria Brongniart. Rootlets are composed of a central monarch vascular bundle surrounded by inner cortex and a ring of outer cortex. A vacant region is present between the inner and outer cortices. In some cases, connectives between the inner and outer cortices are present. According to the presented statistical analysis, it is proposed that rootlets of S. asiatica were highly branched, with at least for 7 bifurcations. Rootlets, together with the downward penetrating rhizomorph, helped to both anchor the plant and search for and absorb deep groundwater. (C) 2021 Elsevier B.V. and Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, CAS. All rights reserved.

KeywordStigmaria Brongniart Rooting system Axes Rootlet Cathaysia
DOI10.1016/j.palwor.2021.05.001
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS KeywordARBORESCENT LYCOPSIDS ; BRONGNIART
Funding ProjectStrategic Priority Research Program (B) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDB18000000] ; Strategic Priority Research Program (B) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDB26000000] ; Strategic Priority Research Program (B) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[41872013] ; Strategic Priority Research Program (B) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[41702024] ; Strategic Priority Research Program (B) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[41530101] ; Youth Innova-tion Promotion Association CAS[2020312] ; Youth Innova-tion Promotion Association CAS
WOS Research AreaPaleontology
WOS SubjectPaleontology
WOS IDWOS:000797337200004
Funding OrganizationStrategic Priority Research Program (B) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Youth Innova-tion Promotion Association CAS ; Youth Innova-tion Promotion Association CAS
PublisherELSEVIER
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.nigpas.ac.cn/handle/332004/40885
Collection中国科学院南京地质古生物研究所
Corresponding AuthorWang, Jun(王军)
Affiliation1.Nanjing Inst Geol & Palaeontol, Chinese Acad Sci, Ctr Excellence Life & Paleoenvironment, Dept Palaeobotany & Palynol, Nanjing 210008, Peoples R China
2.Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
4.Inst Bot, Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100093, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Chen, Bi-Yun,Wan, Ming-Li,Zhou, Wei-Ming,et al.

Anatomy of Stigmaria asiatica Jongmans et Gothan from the Asselian (lowermost Permian) of Wuda Coalfield, Inner Mongolia, North China

[J]. PALAEOWORLD,2022,31(2):311-323.
APA Chen, Bi-Yun,Wan, Ming-Li,Zhou, Wei-Ming,Wang, Shi-Jun,&Wang, Jun.(2022).

Anatomy of Stigmaria asiatica Jongmans et Gothan from the Asselian (lowermost Permian) of Wuda Coalfield, Inner Mongolia, North China

.PALAEOWORLD,31(2),311-323.
MLA Chen, Bi-Yun,et al."

Anatomy of Stigmaria asiatica Jongmans et Gothan from the Asselian (lowermost Permian) of Wuda Coalfield, Inner Mongolia, North China

".PALAEOWORLD 31.2(2022):311-323.
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