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Life history and evolution of the enigmatic Cretaceous-Eocene Alienopteridae: A critical review
Luo, Cihang(罗慈航)1,2,3; Beutel, Rolf G.4; Engel, Michael S.5,6,7; Liang, Kun(梁坤)1,2; Li, Liqin(李丽琴)1,2; Li, Jiahao(李嘉豪)1,2,3; Xu, Chunpeng(许春鹏)1,2,3; Vrsansky, Peter8,9,10,11; Jarzembowski, Edmund A.1,2; Wang, Bo(王博)1,2
2022-02-01
Source PublicationEARTH-SCIENCE REVIEWS
ISSN0012-8252
Volume225Pages:18
Abstract

Alienopteridae are among the most perplexing fossil insects and once conspicuous members of Cretaceous Dictyoptera (now including cockroaches, termites and mantises). However, the precise nature of their life history, evolution, and phylogenetic affinities remained controversial and open to debate. Here we report new alienopterid nymphs from mid-Cretaceous Kachin amber (approximately 99 Ma) and define three nymphal morphotypes, along with proposed interpretations of their life style. We also re-evaluate the systematic position of Alienopteridae, and of the recently erected order Aethiocarenodea. Geometric morphometric analyses suggest that morphotype I nymphs exhibit distinct morphological specializations that were most likely associated with ant mimicry, like immature stages of some modern crown mantises. Remarkably, mimetic association between these nymphs and stem-group ants provides the earliest record of ant mimicry (myrmecomorphy), which is contemporary with the earliest ants and their eusociality. We discuss different interpretations of the life history of alienopterid adults, especially wasp mimicry, and conclude that Teyia was likely a wasp mimic. The nymphs (morphotype I) and adults of Teyia resemble different models, which provides the first fossil record of transformational mimicry, implying that this behaviour had already evolved by the mid-Cretaceous. In addition, one alienopterid nymph laden with pollen clumps provides evidence for gymnosperm pollination and a previously unknown gymnosperm-insect association. This suggests that extinct dictyopterans might have been among the earliest pollinators, with a hitherto undervalued role in pollination ecology. Our phylogenetic analysis provides evidence that Alienopteridae and Umenocoleidae together constitute a monophyletic group (Alienoptera), which is placed as sister taxon of Mantodea. Alienoptera including Umenocoleidae were supported as a separate lineage, and mainly characterized by sclerotized shell-like tegmina and unique leg structures, their main diversification probably occurred before the J/K boundary, and we suggest a common evolutionary origin during the Late Jurassic.

KeywordDictyoptera Alienoptera Evolution Nymph Mimicry Pollination
DOI10.1016/j.earscirev.2021.103914
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS KeywordINSECT POLLINATION ; BATESIAN MIMICRY ; ANT-MIMICRY ; DICTYOPTERA ; DIVERSIFICATION ; MYRMECOMORPHY ; RADIATION ; BEETLES ; ORIGINS ; COMPLEX
Funding ProjectStrategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDB26000000] ; Second Tibetan Plateau Scientific Expedition and Research[2019QZKK0706] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[42125201] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41688103] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences President's International Fellowship Initiative[2020VCA0020] ; Slovak Research and Development Agency[APVV-0436-12] ; Operational Program of Research and Development ; European Fund for Regional Development[EFRD ITMS 26230120004] ; Presidium of the Slovak Academy of Sciences ; Slovak Scientific Grant Agency[VEGA 2/0113/22] ; Leverhulme Emeritus Fellowship
WOS Research AreaGeology
WOS SubjectGeosciences, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000778938500001
Funding OrganizationStrategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Second Tibetan Plateau Scientific Expedition and Research ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Chinese Academy of Sciences President's International Fellowship Initiative ; Slovak Research and Development Agency ; Operational Program of Research and Development ; European Fund for Regional Development ; Presidium of the Slovak Academy of Sciences ; Slovak Scientific Grant Agency ; Leverhulme Emeritus Fellowship
PublisherELSEVIER
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.nigpas.ac.cn/handle/332004/40652
Collection中国科学院南京地质古生物研究所
Corresponding AuthorLuo, Cihang(罗慈航); Wang, Bo(王博)
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Nanjing Inst Geol & Palaeontol, State Key Lab Palaeobiol & Stratig, 39 East Beijing Rd, Nanjing 210008, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Ctr Excellence Life & Paleoenvironm, 39 East Beijing Rd, Nanjing 210008, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
4.Friedrich Schiller Univ Jena, Inst Zool & Evolut Forsch, D-07743 Jena, Germany
5.Univ Kansas, Div Entomol, Nat Hist Museum, 1501 Crestline Dr,Suite 140, Lawrence, KS 66045 USA
6.Univ Kansas, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, Lawrence, KS 66045 USA
7.Amer Museum Nat Hist, Div Invertebrate Zool, New York, NY 10024 USA
8.Slovak Acad Sci, Inst Zool, Bratislava 84506, Slovakia
9.Slovak Acad Sci, Earth Sci Inst, Bratislava 84005, Slovakia
10.Russian Acad Sci, Paleontol Inst, Moscow 117868, Russia
First Author AffilicationNanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeonotology,CAS
Corresponding Author AffilicationNanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeonotology,CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Luo, Cihang,Beutel, Rolf G.,Engel, Michael S.,et al. Life history and evolution of the enigmatic Cretaceous-Eocene Alienopteridae: A critical review[J]. EARTH-SCIENCE REVIEWS,2022,225:18.
APA Luo, Cihang.,Beutel, Rolf G..,Engel, Michael S..,Liang, Kun.,Li, Liqin.,...&Wang, Bo.(2022).Life history and evolution of the enigmatic Cretaceous-Eocene Alienopteridae: A critical review.EARTH-SCIENCE REVIEWS,225,18.
MLA Luo, Cihang,et al."Life history and evolution of the enigmatic Cretaceous-Eocene Alienopteridae: A critical review".EARTH-SCIENCE REVIEWS 225(2022):18.
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