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Multitrophic plant-insect-fungal interactions across 150 million years: A giant Agathoxylon tree, ancient wood-boring beetles and fungi from the Morrison Formation of NE Utah, and the brood of an extant orchard mason bee
Gee, Carole T.1,2,3; Xie, Aowei1; Zajonz, Jonas1,4
2022-05-01
Source PublicationREVIEW OF PALAEOBOTANY AND PALYNOLOGY
ISSN0034-6667
Volume300Pages:9
Abstract

Although plant-insect interactions can be traced back to the Silurian, little is known from Upper Jurassic to mid-Cretaceous ecosystems. In the Upper Jurassic Morrison Formation, evidence is limited to insect body fossils and trace fossils in mostly wood. However, until now, multitrophic interactions have not been reported from the Morrison Formation. Here we describe a complex web of interrelationships between an ancient tree, fungi, and wood-boring insect from the Morrison Formation with an extant bee in NE Utah, USA, using microscopy, thin sectioning, and microCT for non-destructive internal imaging. The tree is Agathoxylon hoodii (Araucariaceae), one of the largest individuals in a monospecific forest, whose trunk was infected and decayed by white rot while the tree was alive during the Jurassic. Fungal formation of voids in the wood facilitated the boring of large-diameter galleries by an insect, likely a beetle. One gallery was repurposed by a modern orchard mason bee, Osmia Iignaria, as a linear nest for her brood. The fossil wood specimen was serendipitously collected with two bee larvae plus food provisions in cocoons in the lowermost two chambers. Thus, this example is not only a simple interaction between fossil plants and insects, but transcends 150 million years between the ancient tree-insect-fungal relationship and a living insect (C) 2022 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

KeywordAraucariaceae Blue orchard bee MicroCT Osmia lignaria Upper Jurassic Xylophagy
DOI10.1016/j.revpalbo.2022.104627
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectPlate II[193101] ; State Key Lab of Palaeobiology and Stratigraphy State Grant ; China Scholarship Council[201804910527] ; China Scholarship Council[FOR 2685]
WOS Research AreaPlant Sciences ; Paleontology
WOS SubjectPlant Sciences ; Paleontology
WOS IDWOS:000766230200007
Funding OrganizationPlate II ; State Key Lab of Palaeobiology and Stratigraphy State Grant ; China Scholarship Council
PublisherELSEVIER
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.nigpas.ac.cn/handle/332004/40532
Collection中国科学院南京地质古生物研究所
Corresponding AuthorGee, Carole T.; Xie, Aowei
Affiliation1.Univ Bonn, Div Paleontol, Inst Geosci, Nussallee 8, D-53115 Bonn, Germany
2.Huntington Bot Gardens, 1151 Oxford Rd, San Marino, CA 91108 USA
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Nanjing Inst Geol & Palaeontol, State Key Lab Palaeobiol & Stratig, Nanjing 210008, Peoples R China
4.Univ Cincinnati, Dept Geol, 345 Clifton Court, Cincinnati, OH 45220 USA
First Author AffilicationNanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeonotology,CAS
Corresponding Author AffilicationNanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeonotology,CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Gee, Carole T.,Xie, Aowei,Zajonz, Jonas. Multitrophic plant-insect-fungal interactions across 150 million years: A giant Agathoxylon tree, ancient wood-boring beetles and fungi from the Morrison Formation of NE Utah, and the brood of an extant orchard mason bee[J]. REVIEW OF PALAEOBOTANY AND PALYNOLOGY,2022,300:9.
APA Gee, Carole T.,Xie, Aowei,&Zajonz, Jonas.(2022).Multitrophic plant-insect-fungal interactions across 150 million years: A giant Agathoxylon tree, ancient wood-boring beetles and fungi from the Morrison Formation of NE Utah, and the brood of an extant orchard mason bee.REVIEW OF PALAEOBOTANY AND PALYNOLOGY,300,9.
MLA Gee, Carole T.,et al."Multitrophic plant-insect-fungal interactions across 150 million years: A giant Agathoxylon tree, ancient wood-boring beetles and fungi from the Morrison Formation of NE Utah, and the brood of an extant orchard mason bee".REVIEW OF PALAEOBOTANY AND PALYNOLOGY 300(2022):9.
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