Immature Insect Assemblages from the Early Cretaceous (Purbeck/Wealden) of Southern England
Coram, Robert A.1; Jarzembowski, Edmund A.2,3,4
Source PublicationINSECTS

Simple Summary


The non-marine Lower Cretaceous Purbeck and Wealden rocks of southern England provide an important record of insects that lived alongside the dinosaurs. Most fossil remains are those of adult insects from orders alive today, but immature insects and their trace fossils occur in the same deposits. Terrestrial immatures comprise mostly sessile nymphs of true bugs, whereas the aquatic immature fauna is represented by stoneflies and mayflies (rarely), dragonflies (uncommonly), true bugs and true flies (often common in the Purbeck), and the cases of caddisflies (locally common in the Wealden). These fossils help to shed light on the local palaeoenvironment, such as the salinity of water bodies, as well as on the processes that lead to the fossilization of generally fragile insect remains.


The record of immature insects from the non-marine Purbeck and Wealden groups (Lower Cretaceous) of southern England is reviewed and expanded. Fossils of adult terrestrial insects are locally common, but terrestrial immature remains are restricted to transported hemipterans, most of which are sessile nymphs or puparia resembling those of extant whiteflies (Aleyrodidae). Remains of immature aquatic insects are more diverse and comprise the extant orders Plecoptera, Ephemeroptera, Odonata, Trichoptera, Hemiptera and Diptera. The Trichoptera are represented by larval cases constructed from a variety of materials corresponding to several ichnogenera. The Wealden immature insects were preserved in predominantly freshwater fluvial settings, whereas the Purbeck ones occur in lagoonal palaeoenvironments, ranging in salinity from brackish to hypersaline. The composition of aquatic immature insect faunas in the latter offers potential for palaeosalinity analysis, although there are complicating factors relating to habitat stability. Uncommon trace fossils such as beetle borings in wood provide evidence of immature insects not represented by body fossils.


KeywordEarly Cretaceous Purbeck Wealden palaeosalinity fluvio-lagoonal aquatic insects nymphs larvae trace fossils taphonomy
Indexed BySCI
WOS Research AreaEntomology
WOS SubjectEntomology
WOS IDWOS:000714057600001
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorCoram, Robert A.; Jarzembowski, Edmund A.
Affiliation1.Univ Bristol, Sch Earth Sci, Bristol BS8 1RJ, Avon, England
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Nanjing Inst Geol & Palaeontol, State Key Lab Palaeobiol & Stratig, Nanjing 210008, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Ctr Excellence Life & Paleoenvironm, Nanjing 210008, Peoples R China
4.Nat Hist Museum, Dept Earth Sci, Cromwell Rd, London SW7 5BD, England
Corresponding Author AffilicationNanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeonotology,CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Coram, Robert A.,Jarzembowski, Edmund A.. Immature Insect Assemblages from the Early Cretaceous (Purbeck/Wealden) of Southern England[J]. INSECTS,2021,12(10):23.
APA Coram, Robert A.,&Jarzembowski, Edmund A..(2021).Immature Insect Assemblages from the Early Cretaceous (Purbeck/Wealden) of Southern England.INSECTS,12(10),23.
MLA Coram, Robert A.,et al."Immature Insect Assemblages from the Early Cretaceous (Purbeck/Wealden) of Southern England".INSECTS 12.10(2021):23.
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