Revisiting apatite SIMS oxygen isotope analysis and Qinghu-AP reference material
Li, Yang1; Tang, Guo-Qiang1; Liu, Yu1; He, Sheng2; Chen, Bo(陈波)3; Li, Qiu-Li1,4; Li, Xian-Hua1,3,4
Source PublicationCHEMICAL GEOLOGY

Oxygen is one of the most abundant elements in the universe and ubiquitously participates in geological and biological processes which play a critical role in shaping and maintaining habitability of the Earth. Its isotope composition is a key parameter to decode these geological and biological processes. For example, oxygen isotope composition of biogenic and abiogenic apatite are ideal proxies to reconstruct sea surface temperature and to tackle elemental cycling respectively, in which accurate and precise apatite oxygen isotope analysis is a basic requirement. Our robust evaluation demonstrates a lack of crystallographic orientation effects for Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS) apatite oxygen isotope analysis (expressed as delta O-18). Apatite grains separated from the Qinghu monzonite were extensively analyzed by SIMS in the past decade in our laboratory, and 2041 individual delta O-18 measurements yield a two-standard-deviation of 0.47 parts per thousand (per mil, V-SMOW), or 0.16 parts per thousand when these measurements were integrated into 195 sessions. Homogenous oxygen isotope composition of Qinghu apatite (Qinghu-AP) at the micrometer level makes it a suitable reference material with a recommended delta O-18 value of 5.59 +/- 0.19 parts per thousand, as measured by Gas Source Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry with further validation from oxygen isotope thermometry. For seven randomly selected IGG (Institute of Geology and Geophysics)-Durango apatite crystals, our SIMS measurements suggest that they also have homogenous delta O-18 values (9.70 +/- 0.22 parts per thousand, 2 SD, n = 241, using Qinghu-AP as standard) without the presence of inter-grain and intra-grain heterogeneity. We documented a Y-coordinate related artificial effect, with measured delta O-18 values gradually increasing by similar to 1 parts per thousand from bottom to top of the mount over a distance of similar to 1.2 cm. This artifact is most likely caused by the presence of a slope (imperfect sample preparation and loading) or a gradient of accelerating voltage (conductivity of holder and sample) on the sample surface along the Y direction, which leads to an imperfect centering of the trajectory of the secondary ions. This effect can be reduced through applying a DTFA (dynamic transfer field aperture)-X correction. The presence of position-specific oxygen isotope fractionation could cause an artificial bias up to -6.7 parts per thousand when analyzing carbonated hydroxyapatite, and can reconcile the offset (e.g., -0.9 to 3.3 parts per thousand) between delta O-18 values of conodonts measured by SIMS and IRMS. When working on hydrous systems (e.g., ore deposits) and low temperature environment (e.g., conodonts), where apatite is known to be water-rich and could be carbonated, a rigorous evaluation on this artificial bias is warranted. Since position-specific oxygen isotope fractionation is a common phenomenon observed in a variety of minerals (e.g., goethite, tourmaline and muscovite), attention should be paid in future studies. Our study highlights that SIMS is capable of providing accurate and precise delta O-18 measurements at the similar to 0.2 parts per thousand level, but high-quality reference materials and rigorous evaluations of potential artificial effects (e.g., topography, position, matrix, orientation, sample holder and position-specific oxygen isotope fractionation) degrading analytical accuracy are prerequisites.

KeywordY-coordinate related position effect DTFA-X correction Position specific isotope fractionation Durango apatite Sea surface temperature Elemental cycling
Indexed BySCI
Funding ProjectNational Key Research and Development Program of China[2018YFA0702600] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[42022022] ; Pioneer Hundred Talents Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; CNNC Science Fund for Talented Young Scholars[QNYC2019-2]
WOS Research AreaGeochemistry & Geophysics
WOS SubjectGeochemistry & Geophysics
WOS IDWOS:000702307800013
Funding OrganizationNational Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Pioneer Hundred Talents Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; CNNC Science Fund for Talented Young Scholars
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorLi, Xian-Hua
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geol & Geophys, State Key Lab Lithospher Evolut, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China
2.Beijing Res Inst Uranium Geol, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Nanjing Inst Geol & Palaeontol, State Key Lab Palaeobiol & Stratig, Nanjing 210008, Peoples R China
4.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Coll Earth & Planetary Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
Corresponding Author AffilicationNanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeonotology,CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li, Yang,Tang, Guo-Qiang,Liu, Yu,et al. Revisiting apatite SIMS oxygen isotope analysis and Qinghu-AP reference material[J]. CHEMICAL GEOLOGY,2021,582:18.
APA Li, Yang.,Tang, Guo-Qiang.,Liu, Yu.,He, Sheng.,Chen, Bo.,...&Li, Xian-Hua.(2021).Revisiting apatite SIMS oxygen isotope analysis and Qinghu-AP reference material.CHEMICAL GEOLOGY,582,18.
MLA Li, Yang,et al."Revisiting apatite SIMS oxygen isotope analysis and Qinghu-AP reference material".CHEMICAL GEOLOGY 582(2021):18.
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