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Carbon and sulfur isotope chemostratigraphy of the Neoproterozoic Quanji Group of the Chaidam Basin, NW China: Basin stratification in the aftermath of an Ediacaran glaciation postdating the Shuram event?
Shen, Bing1,2; Xiao, Shuhai2; Zhou, Chuanming (周传明)3; Kaufman, Alan J.4; Yuan, Xunlai (袁训来)3
2010-03-01
Source PublicationPRECAMBRIAN RESEARCH
ISSN0301-9268
Volume177Issue:3-4Pages:241-252
Abstract

The Neoproterozoic Quanji Group in the Chaidam Basin, northwest China, consists of, in ascending order, the Mahuanggou, Kubaimu, Shiyingliang, Hongzaoshan, Heitupo, Hongtiegou, and Zhoujieshan formations. It is a siliciclastic-dominated sequence with only two carbonate units, the similar to 300-m-thick Hongzaoshan dolostone and the similar to 4-m-thick Zhoujieshan cap dolostone, the latter of which lies above the Hongtiegou glacial diamictite. In this study, we analyzed the delta(13)C and delta(18)O of the Hongzaoshan dolostone and Zhoujieshan cap dolostone, and the delta(34)S(CAS), delta(34)S(PY), and trace element compositions (Fe, Mn, Sr, and S) of the Zhoujieshan cap dolostone. delta(13)C profile of the Hongzaoshan dolostone shows a shift from -5%. to 0%.. This shift could be correlated with a similar shift in the Shuiquan Formation (<615 +/- 6 Ma) in the Quruqtagh area of the Tarim Block (NW China), and may be equivalent to negative delta(13)C excursions in the middle or uppermost Doushantuo Formation, the latter of which is widely believed to be correlative with the Shuram negative delta(13)C excursion. This correlation, together with available paleontological evidence (fragments of Redkinia from the Heitupo Formation, a genus that also occurs in similar to 555 Ma successions in the East European Platform), suggests that the Hongtiegou diamictite may represent an Ediacaran glaciation postdating the Gaskiers glaciation or occurring near the Precambrian-Cambrian boundary. The Zhoujieshan cap dolostone is characterized by positive delta(13)C values ranging from 0 parts per thousand to +1.7 parts per thousand, in sharp contrast to cap carbonates overlying the Sturtian and Marinoan diamictites. delta(34)S(CAS) of the Zhoujieshan cap dolostone varies strongly between +13.9 parts per thousand and +24.1 parts per thousand, probably due to relatively low-sulfate concentration in seawater. delta(34)S(PY) values, however, show a steady increase from +12.9 parts per thousand to +26.4 parts per thousand. Thus, delta(34)S(CAS) and delta(34)S(PY) trends are decoupled in the Zhoujieshan cap dolostone, and the high delta(34)S(PY) values in the upper part of the cap dolostone indicate inverse sulfur isotope fractionations (delta(34)S(CAS) < delta(34)S(py)). The decoupling of delta(34)S(CAS) and delta(34)S(PY) suggests that CAS and pyrite were derived from different sulfur pools (a possible scenario if the post-glacial Oulongbluq basin was restricted and stratified) and/or that aerobic oxidation of sulfide was intense in the post-glacial Oulongbluq basin. Published by Elsevier B.V.

KeywordEdiacaran Glaciation Carbon Isotopes Sulfur Isotopes Chaidam Basin Quanji Group
DOI10.1016/j.precamres.2009.12.006
Language英语
WOS KeywordDoushantuo Cap Carbonate ; Marine Sulfate ; South China ; Seawater Sulfate ; Age Constraints ; Snowball Earth ; Methane Seeps ; Evolution ; Australia ; Oxidation
Funding ProjectUS National Science Foundation ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology
WOS Research AreaGeology
WOS SubjectGeosciences, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000275618100002
Funding OrganizationUS National Science Foundation ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology
PublisherELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.nigpas.ac.cn/handle/332004/396
Collection中国科学院南京地质古生物研究所
其他
Corresponding AuthorShen, Bing
Affiliation1.Rice Univ, Dept Earth Sci, Houston, TX 77005 USA
2.Virginia Polytech Inst & State Univ, Dept Geosci, Blacksburg, VA 24061 USA
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Nanjing Inst Geol & Paleontol, State Key Lab Paleobiol & Stratig, Nanjing 210008, Peoples R China
4.Univ Maryland, Dept Geol, College Pk, MD 20742 USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Shen, Bing,Xiao, Shuhai,Zhou, Chuanming ,et al. Carbon and sulfur isotope chemostratigraphy of the Neoproterozoic Quanji Group of the Chaidam Basin, NW China: Basin stratification in the aftermath of an Ediacaran glaciation postdating the Shuram event?[J]. PRECAMBRIAN RESEARCH,2010,177(3-4):241-252.
APA Shen, Bing,Xiao, Shuhai,Zhou, Chuanming ,Kaufman, Alan J.,&Yuan, Xunlai .(2010).Carbon and sulfur isotope chemostratigraphy of the Neoproterozoic Quanji Group of the Chaidam Basin, NW China: Basin stratification in the aftermath of an Ediacaran glaciation postdating the Shuram event?.PRECAMBRIAN RESEARCH,177(3-4),241-252.
MLA Shen, Bing,et al."Carbon and sulfur isotope chemostratigraphy of the Neoproterozoic Quanji Group of the Chaidam Basin, NW China: Basin stratification in the aftermath of an Ediacaran glaciation postdating the Shuram event?".PRECAMBRIAN RESEARCH 177.3-4(2010):241-252.
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