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The topographic evolution of the Tibetan Region as revealed by palaeontology
Spicer, Robert A.1,2,3; Su, Tao1,2; Valdes, Paul J.4; Farnsworth, Alexander4; Wu, Fei-Xiang5; Shi, Gongle(史恭乐)6,7; Spicer, Teresa E., V1; Zhou, Zhekun1,2
2021
Source PublicationPALAEOBIODIVERSITY AND PALAEOENVIRONMENTS
ISSN1867-1594
Volume101Pages:213-243
Abstract

The Tibetan Plateau was built through a succession of Gondwanan terranes colliding with Asia during the Mesozoic. These accretions produced a complex Paleogene topography of several predominantly east-west trending mountain ranges separated by deep valleys. Despite this piecemeal assembly and resultant complex relief, Tibet has traditionally been thought of as a coherent entity rising as one unit. This has led to the widely used phrase 'the uplift of the Tibetan Plateau', which is a false concept borne of simplistic modelling and confounds understanding the complex interactions between topography climate and biodiversity. Here, using the rich palaeontological record of the Tibetan region, we review what is known about the past topography of the Tibetan region using a combination of quantitative isotope and fossil palaeoaltimetric proxies, and present a new synthesis of the orography of Tibet throughout the Paleogene. We show why 'the uplift of the Tibetan Plateau' never occurred, and quantify a new pattern of topographic and landscape evolution that contributed to the development of today's extraordinary Asian biodiversity.

KeywordTibet Himalaya Hengduan Mountains Palaeoaltimetry Fossils Climate
DOI10.1007/s12549-020-00452-1
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS KeywordINDIA-ASIA COLLISION ; STABLE-ISOTOPE PALEOALTIMETRY ; CENOZOIC TECTONIC EVOLUTION ; LOWER CRUSTAL FLOW ; RIVER SHEAR ZONE ; SOUTHERN TIBET ; LUNPOLA BASIN ; LHASA TERRANE ; LATE MIOCENE ; GEOLOGIC EVOLUTION
Funding ProjectSecond Tibetan Plateau Scientific Expedition and Research Program (STEP), CAS[2019QZKK0705] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[41922010] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[41872006] ; Strategic Priority Research Program of CAS[XDA20070301] ; Strategic Priority Research Program of CAS[XDA20070203] ; Strategic Priority Research Program of CAS[XDB26000000] ; XTBG International Fellowship for Visiting Scientists ; NSFC-NERC (Natural Environment Research Council of the United Kingdom) joint research program[41661134049] ; NSFC-NERC (Natural Environment Research Council of the United Kingdom) joint research program[NE/P013805/1]
WOS Research AreaBiodiversity & Conservation ; Paleontology
WOS SubjectBiodiversity Conservation ; Paleontology
WOS IDWOS:000594949000001
Funding OrganizationSecond Tibetan Plateau Scientific Expedition and Research Program (STEP), CAS ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; Strategic Priority Research Program of CAS ; XTBG International Fellowship for Visiting Scientists ; NSFC-NERC (Natural Environment Research Council of the United Kingdom) joint research program
PublisherSPRINGER HEIDELBERG
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.nigpas.ac.cn/handle/332004/37585
Collection中国科学院南京地质古生物研究所
Corresponding AuthorSpicer, Robert A.
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, CAS Key Lab Trop Forest Ecol, Xishuangbanna Trop Bot Garden, Mengla 666303, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Ctr Plant Ecol, Core Bot Gardens, Mengla 666303, Peoples R China
3.Open Univ, Sch Environm Earth & Ecosyst Sci, Milton Keynes MK7 6AA, Bucks, England
4.Univ Bristol, Sch Geog Sci, Bristol BS8 1SS, Avon, England
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Vertebrate Paleontol & Paleoanthropol, Key Lab Vertebrate Evolut & Human Origins, Beijing 100044, Peoples R China
6.Chinese Acad Sci, Nanjing Inst Geol & Palaeontol, State Key Lab Palaeobiol & Stratig, Nanjing 210008, Peoples R China
7.Chinese Acad Sci, Ctr Excellence Life & Paleoenvironm, Nanjing 210008, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Spicer, Robert A.,Su, Tao,Valdes, Paul J.,et al. The topographic evolution of the Tibetan Region as revealed by palaeontology[J]. PALAEOBIODIVERSITY AND PALAEOENVIRONMENTS,2021,101:213-243.
APA Spicer, Robert A..,Su, Tao.,Valdes, Paul J..,Farnsworth, Alexander.,Wu, Fei-Xiang.,...&Zhou, Zhekun.(2021).The topographic evolution of the Tibetan Region as revealed by palaeontology.PALAEOBIODIVERSITY AND PALAEOENVIRONMENTS,101,213-243.
MLA Spicer, Robert A.,et al."The topographic evolution of the Tibetan Region as revealed by palaeontology".PALAEOBIODIVERSITY AND PALAEOENVIRONMENTS 101(2021):213-243.
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