NIGPAS OpenIR
The longest delay: Re-emergence of coral reef ecosystems after the Late Devonian extinctions
Corresponding AuthorYao, Le(lyao@nigpas.ac.cn)
Yao, L. (要乐)1; Aretz, M.2; Wignall, P.B.3; Chen, J.T. (陈吉涛)1; Vachard, D.4; Qi, Y.P. (祁玉平)1; Shen S.Z. (沈树忠)1,5; Wang, X.D. (王向东)1,5
2020
Source PublicationEarth-Science Reviews
ISSN0012-8252
Volume203Pages:1-19
AbstractReefs are an excellent tool for tracking marine-ecosystem changes, especially through mass extinction transitions. Although metazoan reefs proliferated during the Phanerozoic, prolonged metazoan reef-recovery intervals often occurred after extinction events. Here, we document and review the reef-recovery interval following the Late Devonian Frasnian-Famennian (Kellwasser) and end-Famennian (Hangenberg) mass extinctions, which eliminated the largest area of metazoan (stromatoporoid-coral) reefs of the Phanerozoic. Previous reports of the late Visean coral bioconstructions from western Palaeotethys Ocean, may mark the first metazoan reef proliferation after the Hangenberg extinction. In this study, abundant coral reefs, coral frameworks and coral biostromes were described in detail for the first time from the late Visean strata on the South China Block (eastern Palaeotethys Ocean). The occurrence of these coral bioconstructions further suggests that the late Visean coral reef recovery may have been a widespread phenomenon. Based on the high-resolution reef database constructed in this study, three sub-intervals of the Mississippian metazoan reef recovery were distinguished, which are (1) metazoan "reef gap" phase (MRG) without metazoan reefs during the Tournaisian; (2) metazoan reef re-establishment phase (MRR) containing a few metazoan reefs from early Visean to early part of the late Visean; and (3) metazoan reef proliferation phase (MRP) with global coral reef flourishment during the middle part of the late Visean (late Asbian to early Brigantian substages). Hence, coral reef ecosystems proliferated and became dominant in marine ecosystems during the late Asbian to early Brigantian, indicating a prolonged metazoan reef recovery of about 12 Ma and 23 Ma until the MRR and MRP, respectively. Coral reef proliferation at this time shows that the Mississippian was not solely a period dominated by microbial reefs. Late Visean coral reef development coincided with increased nektonic and benthic diversity, showing that metazoan reef recovery closely tracked overall marine ecosystem evolution. Even compared with other slow reef-recovery intervals, such as the middle-late Cambrian and Early-Middle Triassic with the intervals until the MRR and MRP of 5 Ma and 2 Ma, and 15 Ma and 9 Ma respectively, the Mississippian metazoan reef recovery was the longest in reef history. Harsh climatic and oceanic conditions were present during the Mississippian, mainly including the widespread marine anoxia during the middle part of Tournaisian and the following recurrent glacial and interglacial climatic episodes with frequent changes in sea level, sedimentary facies and sea-water surface temperature, which may have stymied metazoan reef recovery during this time. During the late Visean, marine communities flourished during a phase of relative warm conditions and high sea level, and coincided with the long-delayed re-emergence of coral reef ecosystems after the Late Devonian extinctions.
KeywordCoral reef Diversity Recovery Mass extinction Glacial and interglacial climate Mississippian
DOI10.1016/j.earscirev.2019.103060
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS KeywordRUGOSE CORALS ; SOUTH CHINA ; MISSISSIPPIAN STRATA ; SURROUNDING AREAS ; WESTERN-EUROPE ; METAZOAN REEFS ; EVOLUTION ; ISOTOPE ; QUEENSLAND ; DELTA-C-13
Funding ProjectChinese Academy of Sciences[XDB26000000] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDB18000000] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41902023] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41630101] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[91955201] ; Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province[BK20181107]
WOS Research AreaGeology
WOS SubjectGeosciences, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000529058200025
Funding OrganizationChinese Academy of Sciences ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province
PublisherELSEVIER
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.nigpas.ac.cn/handle/332004/31498
Collection中国科学院南京地质古生物研究所
Corresponding AuthorYao, L. (要乐)
Affiliation1.a State Key Laboratory of Palaeobiology and Stratigraphy, Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Center for Excellence in Life and Palaeoenvironment, Chinese Academy of Science
2.GET, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, IRD, UPS, Toulouse
3.School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds,
4.Daniel Vachardd
5.e School of Earth Sciences and Engineering, Nanjing University
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yao, L. ,Aretz, M.,Wignall, P.B.,et al. The longest delay: Re-emergence of coral reef ecosystems after the Late Devonian extinctions[J]. Earth-Science Reviews,2020,203:1-19.
APA Yao, L. .,Aretz, M..,Wignall, P.B..,Chen, J.T. .,Vachard, D..,...&Wang, X.D. .(2020).The longest delay: Re-emergence of coral reef ecosystems after the Late Devonian extinctions.Earth-Science Reviews,203,1-19.
MLA Yao, L. ,et al."The longest delay: Re-emergence of coral reef ecosystems after the Late Devonian extinctions".Earth-Science Reviews 203(2020):1-19.
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