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Taxonomy and evolution of the protomonaxonid sponge family Piraniidae
Botting, Joseph P.1,2; Stewart, Sarah E.3; Muir, Lucy A.2; Zhang, Yuandong (张元动)4
2019
Source PublicationPALAEONTOLOGIA ELECTRONICA
ISSN1935-3952
Volume22Issue:3Pages:27
Abstract

The protomonaxonid sponge Pirania is an iconic member of the Burgess Shale community, but recent discoveries show that piraniids are morphologically diverse and also occur in Ordovician strata. Here we establish three new piraniid genera on the basis of Ordovician material from China, Wales, Scotland and Morocco: Auraeopirania gen. nov., Cannapirania gen. nov. and Pellipirania gen. nov. We also establish eight new species: Pirania? peregrinata sp. nov. (Lower Ordovician Ningkuo Formation, China); P.? ericia sp. nov. (Lower Ordovician Afon Gam Biota, Wales); Auraeopirania pinwyddeni gen. et sp. nov. (Middle Ordovician Llanfallteg Biota, Wales); A. pykitia gen. et sp. nov. (Upper Ordovician, Scotland); A. sciurucauda gen. et sp. nov. (Early Ordovician, China); Cannapirania canna gen. et sp. nov. (Middle Ordovician Llanfawr Mudstones, Wales); C. vermiformis gen. et sp. nov. (Upper Ordovician Anji Biota, China); and Pellipirania gloria gen. et sp. nov. (Lower Ordovician Fezouata Biota, Morocco). Piraniids have now been widely reported (South China, Avalonia, Laurentia and Gondwana) from Ordovician strata, but in Cambrian strata have been documented only from the Burgess Shale. The Burgess Shale species Pirania muricata appears to be among the most derived members of the Piraniidae, implying a substantial hidden Cambrian diversity of piraniids. Over the family's history there is a tendency for species to become smaller and inhabit deeper-water environments.

Keywordnew genus new species Porifera Protomonaxonida evolution
DOI10.26879/998
Language英语
WOS KeywordBURGESS SHALE ; LOWER ORDOVICIAN ; MIDLAND VALLEY ; FEZOUATA BIOTA ; COMMUNITY ; PORIFERA ; GIRVAN ; DIVERSITY ; FAUNAS
Funding ProjectChinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)[XDB26000000] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)[XDB10010100] ; Ministry of Science and Technology of China[2013FY111000] ; Ministry of Science and Technology of China[2017ZX05036-001-004] ; CAS President's International Fellowship Initiative[2016VEB006] ; CAS President's International Fellowship Initiative[2018VCB0014] ; National Geographic Society's Committee for Research and Exploration[9063-12]
WOS Research AreaPaleontology
WOS SubjectPaleontology
WOS IDWOS:000505914600022
Funding OrganizationChinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Ministry of Science and Technology of China ; CAS President's International Fellowship Initiative ; National Geographic Society's Committee for Research and Exploration
PublisherCOQUINA PRESS
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.nigpas.ac.cn/handle/332004/29735
Collection中国科学院南京地质古生物研究所
Corresponding AuthorBotting, Joseph P.
Affiliation1.Nanjing Inst Geol & Palaeontol, 39 East Beijing Rd, Nanjing 210008, Peoples R China
2.Amgueddfa Cymru Natl Museum Wales, Dept Nat Sci, Cathays Pk, Cardiff CF10 3NP, Wales
3.Natl Museums Scotland, Chambers St, Edinburgh EH1 1JF, Midlothian, Scotland
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Nanjing Inst Geol & Palaeontol, State Key Lab Palaeobiol & Stratig, Ctr Excellence Life & Paleoenvironm, 39 East Beijing Rd, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Botting, Joseph P.,Stewart, Sarah E.,Muir, Lucy A.,et al. Taxonomy and evolution of the protomonaxonid sponge family Piraniidae[J]. PALAEONTOLOGIA ELECTRONICA,2019,22(3):27.
APA Botting, Joseph P.,Stewart, Sarah E.,Muir, Lucy A.,&Zhang, Yuandong .(2019).Taxonomy and evolution of the protomonaxonid sponge family Piraniidae.PALAEONTOLOGIA ELECTRONICA,22(3),27.
MLA Botting, Joseph P.,et al."Taxonomy and evolution of the protomonaxonid sponge family Piraniidae".PALAEONTOLOGIA ELECTRONICA 22.3(2019):27.
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