NIGPAS OpenIR
Mesozoic sooty mould beetles as living relicts in New Zealand
Gimmel, Matthew L.1; Szawaryn, Karol2; Cai, Chenyang (蔡晨阳)3,4; Leschen, Richard A. B.5
2019-12-18
Source PublicationPROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES
ISSN0962-8452
Volume286Issue:1917Pages:7
Abstract

New Zealand is an island continent that completed its split from the Gondwanan continent at 52 Ma, harbouring an iconic biota of tuatara, kiwi and weta. The sooty mould community is a distinctive trophic element of New Zealand forest ecosystems that is driven by plant-feeding sternorrhynchan Hemiptera. These produce honeydew, which supports fungal growth, which in turn supports numerous endemic invertebrates, including endemic New Zealand beetle families. Ancient New Zealand insect fossils are rare but a single fossil of a sooty mould cyclaxyrid was recently described from Cretaceous Burmese amber, a family that was previously known from two extant New Zealand species. Well-preserved fossils like this one are recasting Earth history, and, based on a wealth of additional specimens, we re-evaluate the taxonomy of Cretaceous cyclaxyrids and one Eocene species here transferred to Cyclaxyridae. Cyclaxyridae are highly tied to the sooty mould community and have now been discovered to occur in disparate biogeographic realms in deep time. Our discovery indicates that the family, and perhaps the sooty mould community in general, was widespread in Pangaea from at least the Cretaceous and survived as a relict in New Zealand. Persistence of a sooty mould ecosystem in New Zealand and fungal specialization may not necessarily be an evolutionary 'dead-end' for cyclaxyrids and other insects.

KeywordCucujoidea sooty mould community Nothofagus biogeography austral fauna
DOI10.1098/rspb.2019.2176
Language英语
WOS KeywordBURMESE AMBER COLEOPTERA ; FUNGUS BEETLE ; GENUS ; STAPHYLINIDAE ; FOSSILS ; REGION ; SHIFTS
Funding ProjectChinese Academy of Sciences[XDB26000000] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDB18000000] ; Second Tibetan Plateau Scientific Expedition and Research[2019QZKK0706] ; Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment's Science and Innovation Group
WOS Research AreaLife Sciences & Biomedicine - Other Topics ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology ; Evolutionary Biology
WOS SubjectBiology ; Ecology ; Evolutionary Biology
WOS IDWOS:000504313100012
Funding OrganizationChinese Academy of Sciences ; Second Tibetan Plateau Scientific Expedition and Research ; Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment's Science and Innovation Group
PublisherROYAL SOC
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.nigpas.ac.cn/handle/332004/29723
Collection中国科学院南京地质古生物研究所
Corresponding AuthorCai, Chenyang (蔡晨阳)
Affiliation1.Santa Barbara Museum Nat Hist, Invertebrate Zool Dept, 2559 Puesta Sol Rd, Santa Barbara, CA 93105 USA
2.Polish Acad Sci, Museum & Inst Zool, Wilcza 64, PL-00679 Warsaw, Poland
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Nanjing Inst Geol & Palaeontol, State Key Lab Palaeobiol & Stratig, Nanjing 210008, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Nanjing Inst Geol & Palaeontol, Ctr Excellence Life & Paleoenvironm, Nanjing 210008, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
5.Manaaki Whenua Landcare Res, Zealand Arthropod Collect, Auckland 92170, New Zealand
Corresponding Author AffilicationNanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeonotology,CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Gimmel, Matthew L.,Szawaryn, Karol,Cai, Chenyang ,et al. Mesozoic sooty mould beetles as living relicts in New Zealand[J]. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES,2019,286(1917):7.
APA Gimmel, Matthew L.,Szawaryn, Karol,Cai, Chenyang ,&Leschen, Richard A. B..(2019).Mesozoic sooty mould beetles as living relicts in New Zealand.PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES,286(1917),7.
MLA Gimmel, Matthew L.,et al."Mesozoic sooty mould beetles as living relicts in New Zealand".PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES 286.1917(2019):7.
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