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First documentation of Middle Ordovician warm-water carbonates in the Mount Jolmo Lungma (Mount Everest) area, southern Xizang (Tibet), China, and its paleogeographic implications
Yu, Shenyang1,2,3; Fang, Xiang2; Munnecke, Axel4; Li, Wenjie1,2,5; Zhen, Yongyi6; Li, Yue1,2; Wang, Zhihao2; Zhang, Yuandong1,2,5
2019-09-15
Source PublicationPALAEOGEOGRAPHY PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY PALAEOECOLOGY
ISSN0031-0182
Volume530Pages:136-151
AbstractA Middle Ordovician limestone succession, representing part of the Alai Formation (middle part of the Chiatsun Group) of the Himalayan Orogenic Belt, is well exposed at Jiacun section in Nyalam County to the west of the Mount Jolmo Lungma (Mount Everest), southern Xizang (Tibet), China. The succession, though reported previously, has yet to be investigated in detail, especially in the aspects of precise dating, stratigraphic correlation and its paleogeographical affinities. In this contribution we document for the first time the conodont biostratigraphy, carbon isotope chemostratigraphy and microfacies analyses of this carbonate succession. The conodont fauna indicates a middle Darriwilian (Middle Ordovician) age corresponding to the Histiodella holodentata Biochronozone. The carbon isotope records have shown minor fluctuations of delta C-13 values, with only a small negative carbon excursion in the lower part. The microfacies analysis has resulted in the identification of seven microfacies, including micritic limestone, lithoclastic packstone, non-skeletal grainstone, bioclastic limestone, bioclastic-lithoclastic limestone, bioclastic-lithoclastic-oncoid limestone, and bioclastic-lithoclastic-oncoid-ooid limestone. From thin sections, fragments of crinoids, brachiopods, gastropods, trilobites, bryozoans and calcareous algae are identified. Abundant lithoclasts, cortoids, peloids, oncoids and ooids, together with the occurrences of dasyclad algae and hardgrounds, are also recognized, indicating a shallow- and warm-water marine environment, and a likely tropical or subtropical affinity. Comparison of the lithofacies and faunas of this limestone succession of the Alai Formation with coeval strata in the Zanskar-Spiti area (northern India), Nepal, Bhutan, Canning Basin (West Australia), Lhasa, Qiangtang, Sibumasu, Tarim and North China, suggests that during the Darriwilian these regions or terranes may have possessed a warm-water marine environment and were located in low-latitudinal zones. It seems likely that this region of the northeastern Gondwana and peri-Gondwana was protected from substantial influx of cool-water currents derived from high latitudes at that time.
KeywordCarbonate microfacies Chemostratigraphy Conodont biostratigraphy Darriwilian Himalaya Paleogeography
DOI10.1016/j.palaeo.2019.05.030
Language英语
WOS KeywordTARIM BASIN ; ISOTOPE STRATIGRAPHY ; NORTHWEST CHINA ; EXCURSION MDICE ; REEF COMPLEX ; EVOLUTION ; CHEMOSTRATIGRAPHY ; SUCCESSION ; GONDWANA ; HISTORY
Funding ProjectChinese Academy of Sciences[XDB26000000] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDB10010503] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDB10010102] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDB10010104] ; SAFEA program of CAS ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41772005] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41290260]
WOS Research AreaPhysical Geography ; Geology ; Paleontology
WOS SubjectGeography, Physical ; Geosciences, Multidisciplinary ; Paleontology
WOS IDWOS:000478712100010
Funding OrganizationChinese Academy of Sciences ; SAFEA program of CAS ; National Natural Science Foundation of China
PublisherELSEVIER
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.nigpas.ac.cn/handle/332004/27970
Collection中国科学院南京地质古生物研究所
Corresponding AuthorZhang, Yuandong
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, CAS Key Lab Econ Stratig & Palaeogeog, Nanjing Inst Geol & Palaeontol, Ctr Excellence Life & Paleoenvironm, Nanjing 210008, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Nanjing Inst Geol & Palaeontol, Nanjing 210008, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
3.Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China
4.Fachgrp Palaoumwelt, GeoZentrum Nordbayern, Loewenichstr 28, D-91054 Erlangen, Germany
5.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
6.Geol Survey New South Wales, WB Clarke Geosci Ctr, Londonderry, NSW 2753, Australia
First Author AffilicationNanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeonotology,CAS
Corresponding Author AffilicationNanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeonotology,CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yu, Shenyang,Fang, Xiang,Munnecke, Axel,et al. First documentation of Middle Ordovician warm-water carbonates in the Mount Jolmo Lungma (Mount Everest) area, southern Xizang (Tibet), China, and its paleogeographic implications[J]. PALAEOGEOGRAPHY PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY PALAEOECOLOGY,2019,530:136-151.
APA Yu, Shenyang.,Fang, Xiang.,Munnecke, Axel.,Li, Wenjie.,Zhen, Yongyi.,...&Zhang, Yuandong.(2019).First documentation of Middle Ordovician warm-water carbonates in the Mount Jolmo Lungma (Mount Everest) area, southern Xizang (Tibet), China, and its paleogeographic implications.PALAEOGEOGRAPHY PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY PALAEOECOLOGY,530,136-151.
MLA Yu, Shenyang,et al."First documentation of Middle Ordovician warm-water carbonates in the Mount Jolmo Lungma (Mount Everest) area, southern Xizang (Tibet), China, and its paleogeographic implications".PALAEOGEOGRAPHY PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY PALAEOECOLOGY 530(2019):136-151.
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