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Evidence for increased hominid diversity in the Early to Middle Pleistocene of Indonesia
Zanolli, Clement1,2; Kullmer, Ottmar3,4,5; Kelley, Jay6,7,8,9; Bacon, Anne-Marie10; Demeter, Fabrice11,12; Dumoncel, Jean2; Fiorenza, Luca13,14; Grine, Frederick E.15,16; Hublin, Jean-Jacques17; Anh Tuan Nguyen18

Since the first discovery of Pithecanthropus (Homo) erectus by E. Dubois at Trinil in 1891, over 200 hominid dentognathic remains have been collected from the Early to Middle Pleistocene deposits of Java, Indonesia, forming the largest palaeoan-thropological collection in South East Asia. Most of these fossils are currently attributed to H. erectus. However, because of the substantial morphological and metric variation in the Indonesian assemblage, some robust specimens, such as the partial mandibles Sangiran 5 and Sangiran 6a, were formerly variably allocated to other taxa (Meganthropus palaeojavanicus, Pithecanthropus dubius, Pongo sp.). To resolve the taxonomic uncertainty surrounding these and other contentious Indonesian hominid specimens, we used occlusal fingerprint analysis (OFA) to reconstruct their chewing kinematics; we also used various morphometric approaches based on microtomography to examine the internal dental structures. Our results confirm the presence of Meganthropus as a Pleistocene Indonesian hominid distinct from Pongo, Gigantopithecus and Homo, and further reveal that Dubois's H. erectus paratype molars from 1891 are not hominin (human lineage), but instead are more likely to belong to Meganthropus.

Indexed BySCI ; SSCI ; SSCI
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology ; Evolutionary Biology
WOS SubjectEcology ; Evolutionary Biology
WOS IDWOS:000466498300014
Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation1.Univ Bordeaux, Lab PACEA, UMR CNRS 5199, Pessac, France;
2.Univ Toulouse III Paul Sabatier, Lab AMIS, UMR CNRS 5288, Toulouse, France;
3.Senckenberg Res Inst, Dept Palaeoanthropol, Frankfurt, Germany;
4.Nat Hist Museum Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany;
5.Goethe Univ, Dept Paleobiol & Environm, Inst Ecol Evolut & Divers, Frankfurt, Germany;
6.Arizona State Univ, Inst Human Origins, Tempe, AZ USA;
7.Arizona State Univ, Sch Human Evolut & Social Change, Tempe, AZ USA;
8.Smithsonian Inst, Natl Museum Nat Hist, Dept Paleobiol, Washington, DC 20560 USA;
9.Harvard Univ, Dept Human Evolutionary Biol, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA;
10.Univ Paris 05, Fac Chirurg Dent, FRE CNRS 2029, Lab BABEL, Montrouge, France;
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zanolli, Clement,Kullmer, Ottmar,Kelley, Jay,et al. Evidence for increased hominid diversity in the Early to Middle Pleistocene of Indonesia[J]. NATURE ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION,2019,3(5):755-764.
APA Zanolli, Clement.,Kullmer, Ottmar.,Kelley, Jay.,Bacon, Anne-Marie.,Demeter, Fabrice.,...&Macchiarelli, Roberto.(2019).Evidence for increased hominid diversity in the Early to Middle Pleistocene of Indonesia.NATURE ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION,3(5),755-764.
MLA Zanolli, Clement,et al."Evidence for increased hominid diversity in the Early to Middle Pleistocene of Indonesia".NATURE ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION 3.5(2019):755-764.
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