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A New Species of Rhodoleia (Hamamelidaceae) from the Upper Pliocene of West Yunnan, China and Comments on Phytogeography and Insect Herbivory
Wu Jingyu1,2; Zhao Zhenrui1; Li Qijia1; Liu Yusheng, (Christopher)3; Xie Sanping1; Ding Suting1,2; Sun Bainian1
2015-10-01
Source PublicationACTA GEOLOGICA SINICA-ENGLISH EDITION
ISSN1000-9515
Volume89Issue:5Pages:1440-1452
AbstractIn Europe, fossil fruits and seeds of Rhodoleia (Hamamelidaceae) have been described from the Upper Cretaceous to the Miocene, whereas no fossil record of Rhodoleia has been reported in Asia, where the modern species occur. Herein, 21 fossil leaves identified as Rhodoleia tengchongensis sp. nov. are described from the Upper Pliocene of Tengchong County, Yunnan Province, Southwest China. The fossils exhibit elliptic lamina with entire margins, simple brochidodromous major secondary veins, mixed percurrent intercostal tertiary veins, and looped exterior tertiaries. The leaf cuticle is characterized by pentagonal or hexagonal cells, stellate multicellular trichomes, and paracytic stomata. The combination of leaf architecture and cuticular characteristics suggests that the fossil leaves should be classified into the genus Rhodoleia. The fossil distributions indicate that the genus Rhodoleia might originate from Central Europe, and that migrated to Asia prior to the Late Pliocene. Additionally, insect damage is investigated, and different types of damage, such as hole feeding, margin feeding, surface feeding, and galling, are observed on the thirteen fossil leaves. Based on the damage frequencies for the fossil and extant leaves, the specific feeding behavior of insects on Rhodoleia trees appears to have been established as early as the Late Pliocene. The high occurrence of Rhodoleia insect herbivory may attract the insect-foraging birds, thereby increasing the probability of pollination.
KeywordRhodoleia leaf cuticle phytogeography insect herbivory Pliocene Yunnan Province
Language英语
WOS KeywordFEEDING-BEHAVIOR ; CLIMATE-CHANGE ; LEAF ; ASSOCIATIONS ; LEAVES ; BIOGEOGRAPHY ; POLLINATION ; EXTINCTION
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[41302009] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41402008] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41172022] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41172021] ; Foundation of the State Key Laboratory of Paleobiology and Stratigraphy, Nanjing Institute of Geology and Paleontology, CAS[133102] ; NSF[EAR-0746105]
WOS Research AreaGeology
WOS SubjectGeosciences, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000364726900003
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; Foundation of the State Key Laboratory of Paleobiology and Stratigraphy, Nanjing Institute of Geology and Paleontology, CAS ; NSF
PublisherWILEY-BLACKWELL
Citation statistics
Cited Times:3[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.nigpas.ac.cn/handle/332004/21765
Collection中国科学院南京地质古生物研究所
Corresponding AuthorWu Jingyu
Affiliation1.Lanzhou Univ, Sch Earth Sci, Key Lab Mineral Resources Western China Gansu Pro, Lanzhou 730000, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Nanjing Inst Geol & Paleontol, State Key Lab Palaeobiol & Stratig, Nanjing 210008, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
3.E Tennessee State Univ, Dept Biol Sci, Don Sundquist Ctr Excellence Paleontol, Johnson City, TN 37614 USA
First Author AffilicationNanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeonotology,CAS
Corresponding Author AffilicationNanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeonotology,CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wu Jingyu,Zhao Zhenrui,Li Qijia,et al. A New Species of Rhodoleia (Hamamelidaceae) from the Upper Pliocene of West Yunnan, China and Comments on Phytogeography and Insect Herbivory[J]. ACTA GEOLOGICA SINICA-ENGLISH EDITION,2015,89(5):1440-1452.
APA Wu Jingyu.,Zhao Zhenrui.,Li Qijia.,Liu Yusheng, .,Xie Sanping.,...&Sun Bainian.(2015).A New Species of Rhodoleia (Hamamelidaceae) from the Upper Pliocene of West Yunnan, China and Comments on Phytogeography and Insect Herbivory.ACTA GEOLOGICA SINICA-ENGLISH EDITION,89(5),1440-1452.
MLA Wu Jingyu,et al."A New Species of Rhodoleia (Hamamelidaceae) from the Upper Pliocene of West Yunnan, China and Comments on Phytogeography and Insect Herbivory".ACTA GEOLOGICA SINICA-ENGLISH EDITION 89.5(2015):1440-1452.
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