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Pollen morphology of selected crop plants from southern China and testing pollen morphological data in an archaeobotanical study
Yang, Shixiong1,2,3; Zheng, Zhuo3; Mao, Limi (毛礼米)4; Li, Jie2,3; Chen, Bishan5
2018-11-01
Source PublicationVEGETATION HISTORY AND ARCHAEOBOTANY
ISSN0939-6314
Volume27Issue:6Pages:781-799
Abstract

Identification of pollen grains of cultivated plants is essential in archaeobotanical studies. In this study, we investigated the pollen morphology of 30 species which are representatives of most of the crop plants in southern China, using a light microscope. Our results show that the pollen grains of these species or genera can generally be identified by their size, aperture(s) and exine sculpture. We found that: (1) some cultivated cereals can be distinguished from wild species of Poaceae according to their size frequency combined with their morphological features; (2) the lengths of the equatorial diameter (E), polar axis (P) and the greatest dimension of the lumina (the size of the network sculpturing) of the exine reticulum may be diagnostic features to distinguish some brassicaceous vegetables. There are significant differences between the E and P values among Brassica campestris (B. rapa, oilseed rape, Chinese cabbage), B. alboglabra (B. oleracea var. alboglabra, gai lan, Chinese kale), B. parachinensis (B. rapa var. parachinensis, choy sum, Chinese flowering cabbage) and B. chinensis (B. rapa ssp. chinensis, pak choi), but moderate differences in the longer axis length of the reticulum lumina, which provide potential for identifying species on the basis of pollen grains. We compared the P values and the longer axis length of the lumina of modern specimens of Brassicaceae pollen grains with those of fossil pollen extracted from the Ming-Qing cultural layer in the Fuqikou site at Chongqing, China, and found that the fossil pollen grains of Brassicaceae probably represent vegetable plants related to B. parachinensis. Moreover, we measured the diameters of rice pollen grains from modern paddy fields to assess the pollen size frequency and found that the size range from similar to 34 to 38 mu m is closely associated with rice pollen in southern China, which can be used to detect pollen signals of human activities in archaeobotanical investigations.

KeywordPollen Morphology Crop Plants Brassicaceae Rice Archaeobotany
DOI10.1007/s00334-018-0696-5
Language英语
WOS KeywordPearl River Delta ; Rice Cultivation ; East China ; Records ; Agriculture ; Yangtze ; Fields
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[41506062] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[41406069] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[41372170] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[41606053] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[41876057] ; Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province, China[2016A030310364] ; Key Program for International S&T Cooperation Projects of China[2016yfe0109600] ; China Geological Survey projects[DD20160144] ; China Geological Survey projects[DD20189503] ; Taishan Scholars Program of Shandong Province, China[ts201511077]
WOS Research AreaPlant Sciences ; Paleontology
WOS SubjectPlant Sciences ; Paleontology
WOS IDWOS:000447416100003
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province, China ; Key Program for International S&T Cooperation Projects of China ; China Geological Survey projects ; Taishan Scholars Program of Shandong Province, China
PublisherSPRINGER
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.nigpas.ac.cn/handle/332004/16872
Collection中国科学院南京地质古生物研究所
其他
Corresponding AuthorYang, Shixiong
Affiliation1.China Geol Survey, Key Lab Coastal Wetland Biogeosci, Qingdao 266071, Peoples R China
2.Natl Oceanog Lab, Funct Lab Marine Geol, Qingdao 266071, Peoples R China
3.Sun Yat Sen Univ, Sch Earth Sci & Geol Engn, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Econ Stratig & Palaeogeog, Nanjing Inst Geol & Palaeontol, Nanjing 210008, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
5.Lingnan Normal Univ, Dept Geog, Zhanjiang 504048, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yang, Shixiong,Zheng, Zhuo,Mao, Limi ,et al. Pollen morphology of selected crop plants from southern China and testing pollen morphological data in an archaeobotanical study[J]. VEGETATION HISTORY AND ARCHAEOBOTANY,2018,27(6):781-799.
APA Yang, Shixiong,Zheng, Zhuo,Mao, Limi ,Li, Jie,&Chen, Bishan.(2018).Pollen morphology of selected crop plants from southern China and testing pollen morphological data in an archaeobotanical study.VEGETATION HISTORY AND ARCHAEOBOTANY,27(6),781-799.
MLA Yang, Shixiong,et al."Pollen morphology of selected crop plants from southern China and testing pollen morphological data in an archaeobotanical study".VEGETATION HISTORY AND ARCHAEOBOTANY 27.6(2018):781-799.
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