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An unexpected noncarpellate epigynous flower from the Jurassic of China
Fu, Qiang (傅强)1,2; Bienvenido Diez, Jose3; Pole, Mike4; Garcia Avila, Manuel3,5; Liu, Zhong-Jian6; Chu, Hang7; Hou, Yemao8,9; Yin, Pengfei8,9; Zhang, Guo-Qiang6; Du, Kaihe10; Wang, Xin (王鑫)1,2
2018-12-18
Source PublicationELIFE
ISSN2050-084X
Volume7Pages:24
Abstract

The origin of angiosperms has been a long-standing botanical debate. The great diversity of angiosperms in the Early Cretaceous makes the Jurassic a promising period in which to anticipate the origins of the angiosperms. Here, based on observations of 264 specimens of 198 individual flowers preserved on 34 slabs in various states and orientations, from the South Xiangshan Formation (Early Jurassic) of China, we describe a fossil flower, Nanjinganthus dendrostyla gen. et sp. nov.. The large number of specimens and various preservations allow for an evidence-based reconstruction of the flower. From the evidence of the combination of an invaginated receptacle and ovarian roof, we infer that the seeds of Nanjinganthus were completely enclosed. Evidence of an actinomorphic flower with a dendroid style, cup-form receptacle, and angiospermy, is consistent with Nanjinganthus being a bona fide angiosperm from the Jurassic, an inference that we hope will re-invigorate research into angiosperm origins.

DOI10.7554/eLife.38827
Language英语
WOS KeywordAngiosperm-like Pollen ; Yixian Formation ; Seed Plant ; Origin ; Archaefructus ; Evolution ; Fruits ; Carpel
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[41688103] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[XDPB26000000] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[91514302] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41572046]
WOS Research AreaLife Sciences & Biomedicine - Other Topics
WOS SubjectBiology
WOS IDWOS:000453503800001
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China
PublisherELIFE SCIENCES PUBLICATIONS LTD
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.nigpas.ac.cn/handle/332004/16218
Collection中国科学院南京地质古生物研究所
其他
Corresponding AuthorLiu, Zhong-Jian; Wang, Xin (王鑫)
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Nanjing Inst Geol & Palaeontol, CAS Key Lab Econ Stratig & Paleogeog, Nanjing, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Ctr Excellence Life & Paleoenvironm, Nanjing, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
3.Univ Vigo, Dept Geociencias, Vigo, Spain
4.Brisbane Bot Gardens Mt Coottha, Queensland Herbarium, Toowong, Australia
5.Univ Vigo, Fac Biol, Asociac Paleontol Galega, Vigo, Spain
6.Fujian Agr & Forestry Univ, Coll Landscape Architecture, Key Lab Orchid Conservat & Utilizat, State Forestry Adm, Fuzhou, Fujian, Peoples R China
7.China Geol Survey, Tianjin Ctr, Tianjin, Peoples R China
8.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Vertebrate Paleontol & Paleoanthropol, Key Lab Vertebrate Evolut & Human Origin, Beijing, Peoples R China
9.Chinese Acad Sci, Ctr Excellence Life & Paleoenvironm, Beijing, Peoples R China
10.Nanjing Normal Univ, Coll Life Sci, Jiangsu Key Lab Supramol Med Mat & Applicat, Nanjing, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Fu, Qiang ,Bienvenido Diez, Jose,Pole, Mike,et al. An unexpected noncarpellate epigynous flower from the Jurassic of China[J]. ELIFE,2018,7:24.
APA Fu, Qiang .,Bienvenido Diez, Jose.,Pole, Mike.,Garcia Avila, Manuel.,Liu, Zhong-Jian.,...&Wang, Xin .(2018).An unexpected noncarpellate epigynous flower from the Jurassic of China.ELIFE,7,24.
MLA Fu, Qiang ,et al."An unexpected noncarpellate epigynous flower from the Jurassic of China".ELIFE 7(2018):24.
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