NIGPAS OpenIR
Parasitic cockroaches indicate complex states of earliest proved ants
Vrsansky, Peter1,2,3,4,5; Smidova, Lucia6; Sendi, Hemen7; Barna, Peter3; Mueller, Patrick; Ellenberger, Sieghard; Wu, Hao8; Ren, Xiaoyin (任笑吟)5; Lei, Xiaojie (雷晓洁)5; Azar, Dany5,9; Surka, Juraj10; Su, Tao11; Deng, Weiyudong11; Shen, Xianhui11; Lv, Jun12; Bao, Tong5,13; Bechly, Guenter
2019
Source PublicationBIOLOGIA
ISSN0006-3088
Volume74Issue:1Pages:65-89
Abstract

Myrmecophilous and termitophilous interactions likely contributed to the competitive advantage and evolutionary success of eusocial insects, but how these commensal and parasitic relationships originated is unclear due to absence of fossil records. New extinct cockroaches of the still living family Blattidae are reported here from the Cretaceous Myanmar amber (99Ma) and are the earliest known inhabitants of complex ant nests, demonstrating that this specialised myrmecophily originated shortly after ant eusociality and appeared in the fossil record. Cretaceous stem aposematic Blattidae are known from the amber of Myanmar and Lebanon and we report them here also from the Syrian amber. Concurrent evolution suggests that the collective internal defence of early ants was weak and allowed infiltrations by numerous unrelated organisms, At the same time, the contemporary presence of ant mimicking myrmecomorphs suggests a need for strong external protection against visually hunting predators. Myrmecophily is supported by morphological adaptations (lack of wide fat body and feeding of adult male; short, fossorial legs; shortened cerci; oligomerised antenna; hairy surface structures) and camouflage behaviour, documented by sediment and own feces covering. Moreover the same piece of amber contains ants, ant mimics and other undescribed ant nest-visiting insects as syninclusions. Another species preserved along with two termites is a putative termitophile. Abundant comparatively large parasitic cockroaches influenced Mesozoic tropical forest ecosystems by affecting the early evolution of complex nests of eusocial insects. Rainforest rudiments in South Yunnan yielded observation of analogical still living, formally undescribed species.

KeywordFossil Insect Mesozoic Cretaceous Amber Myanmar Syria New Genera New Species
DOI10.2478/s11756-018-0146-y
Language英语
WOS KeywordAmber Dictyoptera ; Insecta Mantodea ; Lebanese Amber ; Burmese ; Hymenoptera ; Phylogeny ; Evolution ; Mantophasmatodea ; Formicidae ; Diversity
Funding ProjectSlovak Research and Development Agency[APVV-0436-12] ; Presidium of the Slovak Academy of Sciences[VEGA0012-14] ; Presidium of the Slovak Academy of Sciences[2/0042/18] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDB26000000] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41572010] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41622201] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41688103]
WOS Research AreaLife Sciences & Biomedicine - Other Topics
WOS SubjectBiology
WOS IDWOS:000454779700007
Funding OrganizationSlovak Research and Development Agency ; Presidium of the Slovak Academy of Sciences ; Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Natural Science Foundation of China
PublisherSPRINGER
Citation statistics
Cited Times:4[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.nigpas.ac.cn/handle/332004/16174
Collection中国科学院南京地质古生物研究所
Corresponding AuthorVrsansky, Peter
Affiliation1.Slovak Acad Sci, Inst Zool, Dubravska Cesta 9, Bratislava 84506, Slovakia
2.Slovak Acad Sci, Inst Phys, Res Ctr Quantum Informat, Dubravska Cesta 9, Bratislava 84511, Slovakia
3.Slovak Acad Sci, Earth Sci Inst, Dubravska Cesta 9,POB 106, Bratislava 84005, Slovakia
4.Russian Acad Sci, Palaeontol Inst, Profsoyuznaya 123, Moscow 117868, Russia
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Nanjing Inst Geol & Palaeontol, State Key Lab Palaeobiol & Stratig, Nanjing 210008, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
6.Charles Univ Prague, Fac Sci, Inst Geol & Palaeontol, Albertov 6, Prague 12843 2, Czech Republic
7.Comenius Univ, Fac Nat Sci, Illkovicova 6, Bratislava 84104, Slovakia
8.Zhejiang Museum Nat Hist, 6 West Lake Cultural Sq, Hangzhou 310014, Zhejiang, Peoples R China
9.Lebanese Univ, Nat Sci Dept, Fac Sci 2, POB 26110217, Fanar Matn, Lebanon
10.Slovak Acad Sci, Earth Sci Inst, Dumbierska 1, Banska Bystrica 97401, Slovakia
11.CAS Menglun, Xishuangbanna Trop Bot Garden, Paleoecol Res Grp, Mengla 666303, Yunnan, Peoples R China
12.Dian Jiang Collect, Baoshan 679100, Yunnan, Peoples R China
13.Steinmann Inst, Abt Palaontol, Nussalee 8, D-53115 Bonn, Germany
First Author AffilicationNanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeonotology,CAS
Corresponding Author AffilicationNanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeonotology,CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Vrsansky, Peter,Smidova, Lucia,Sendi, Hemen,et al. Parasitic cockroaches indicate complex states of earliest proved ants[J]. BIOLOGIA,2019,74(1):65-89.
APA Vrsansky, Peter.,Smidova, Lucia.,Sendi, Hemen.,Barna, Peter.,Mueller, Patrick.,...&Bechly, Guenter.(2019).Parasitic cockroaches indicate complex states of earliest proved ants.BIOLOGIA,74(1),65-89.
MLA Vrsansky, Peter,et al."Parasitic cockroaches indicate complex states of earliest proved ants".BIOLOGIA 74.1(2019):65-89.
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