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Early evolution of Nemopteridae illuminated with the first and oldest thread-winged lacewing in Cretaceous amber
Lu, Xiumei1,5; Wang, Bo (王博)2,3,4; Yang, Shiyan; Liu, Xingyue1
2019
Source PublicationSYSTEMATIC ENTOMOLOGY
ISSN0307-6970
Volume44Issue:1Pages:262-272
Abstract

Nemopteridae are a charismatic family of lacewings distinguished by specialization of morphology in both larvae and adults as well as in their biology and behaviour. The evolutionary history of Nemopteridae is largely unknown due to the scarcity of fossil records. Here we report a new genus and species of Nemopteridae (Cretocroce xiai gen. et sp.n.) based on an exquisitely preserved adult specimen in mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber. We place the new genus in the subfamily Crocinae, which is characterized by filamentous hindwings with a sensory function as an adaptation to their cavernicolous habitats. The new genus represents the first nemopterid in amber and the oldest crocine known to date. The new fossil crocine is nearly morphologically unchanged over 99 Ma compared with its modern counterparts. Moreover, it is estimated to be closely related to some extant crocines endemic to South America based on morphological phylogenetic analysis. The new finding provides direct evidence to demonstrate the antiquity of Crocinae morphological innovation and related biology, such as pollenophagous habits, and further corroborates Gondwanan origin of the subfamily.

DOI10.1111/syen.12328
Language英语
WOS KeywordNeuroptera Nemopteridae ; Megaloptera Sialidae ; Phylogeny ; Insecta ; Pollination ; Morphology ; Genus
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[31672322] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41572010] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41622201] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41688103] ; Beijing Natural Science Foundation[5162016] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDPB05]
WOS Research AreaEvolutionary Biology ; Entomology
WOS SubjectEvolutionary Biology ; Entomology
WOS IDWOS:000454835700015
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; Beijing Natural Science Foundation ; Chinese Academy of Sciences
PublisherWILEY
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.nigpas.ac.cn/handle/332004/16117
Collection中国科学院南京地质古生物研究所
其他
Corresponding AuthorLiu, Xingyue
Affiliation1.China Agr Univ, Dept Entomol, Beijing 100193, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Nanjing Inst Geol & Palaeontol, State Key Lab Palaeobiol & Stratig, Nanjing, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Ctr Excellence Life & Paleoenvironm, Nanjing, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Zool, Key Lab Zool Systemat & Evolut, Beijing, Peoples R China
5.Shanghai Acad Agr Sci, Inst Ecol & Environm Protect, Shanghai 201403, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Lu, Xiumei,Wang, Bo ,Yang, Shiyan,et al. Early evolution of Nemopteridae illuminated with the first and oldest thread-winged lacewing in Cretaceous amber[J]. SYSTEMATIC ENTOMOLOGY,2019,44(1):262-272.
APA Lu, Xiumei,Wang, Bo ,Yang, Shiyan,&Liu, Xingyue.(2019).Early evolution of Nemopteridae illuminated with the first and oldest thread-winged lacewing in Cretaceous amber.SYSTEMATIC ENTOMOLOGY,44(1),262-272.
MLA Lu, Xiumei,et al."Early evolution of Nemopteridae illuminated with the first and oldest thread-winged lacewing in Cretaceous amber".SYSTEMATIC ENTOMOLOGY 44.1(2019):262-272.
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