Silurian integrative stratigraphy and timescale of China
Rong, Jiayu (戎嘉余)1,2; Wang, Yi (王怿)1,2; Zhan, Renbin (詹仁斌)1,2,3; Fan, Junxuan (樊隽轩)1,2; Huang, Bing (黄冰)1,2; Tang, Peng (唐鹏)1,2; Li, Yue (李越)1,2; Zhang, Xiaole (张小乐)4; Wu, Rongchang (吴荣昌)2; Wang, Guangxu (王光旭)1,2

Silurian is a period with the shortest duration in Phanerozoic except for the Neogene and Quaternary. It represents an important and unique interval when the biotic diversity recovered quickly after the end-Ordovician mass extinction, different paleoplates or terranes conjoined, big oceans disappeared or narrowed, climate and sea level changed frequently, global biotic provincialism became weaker, some primitive plants started to occupy the land. Silurian is also the first system of which all the chronostratigraphic stratotypes (i.e. the GSSPs) including four series and seven stages were established by the International Subcommission on Silurian Stratigraphy (ISSS). Nonetheless, during the post-GSSP studies conducted by ISSS in the middle 1980s, some Silurian GSSPs were found to have some congenital defects such as no index fossils available that hinder the high resolution subdivision and correlation on a regional or global scale. In this paper, based on the latest development of Silurian study in China, the progress in biostratigraphy, chronostratigraphy, event stratigraphy (such as facies differentiation, heterochrony of black shales, marine red beds, carbonate rocks and reefs), chemostratigraphy, and tectonic stratigraphy (e.g., widespread of the late Silurian rocks in South China and its tectonic implication) are systematically summarized. Some existing problems and the areas to be focused in future work are also discussed. It is suitable for chronostratigraphic study to concentrate not only on the boundary but also doing multidisciplinary analysis on the biotic, chemical, magnetic, environmental, and chronologic aspects, in order to enhance the reliability and the potential for regional and global correlation of a certain GSSP. Some important achievements are expected in these areas in the Silurian study in China: (1) ecostratigraphy and basin analysis of the Llandovery, and the correlation of integrative stratigraphy with a high resolution; (2) establishment of the Wenlock to Pridoli chronostratigraphic framework; (3) the chemo- and magnetic stratigraphy and the age of some key intervals and horizons; (4) further investigation on paleogeography and plate tectonics; and (5) origin and early evolution of the terrestrial ecosystem. Some new breakthroughs might occur in the restudy on some of those problematic GSSPs of some particular series and stages.

KeywordSilurian Biostratigraphy Chronostratigraphy Chemostratigraphy Black Shales Shallow Marine Red Beds Paleogeography Sedimentary Hiatus
WOS KeywordMarine Red Beds ; Upper Yangtze Region ; South China ; Graptolite Biostratigraphy ; Distribution Pattern ; Northern Xinjiang ; Global Stratotype ; Shelly Fauna ; Black Shales ; Ordovician
Funding ProjectChinese Academy of Sciences[XDPB05] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDB26000000] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41530103] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41521061] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41290260]
WOS Research AreaGeology
WOS SubjectGeosciences, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000455070400005
Funding OrganizationChinese Academy of Sciences ; National Natural Science Foundation of China
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorRong, Jiayu (戎嘉余); Wang, Yi (王怿)
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Nanjing Inst Geol & Palaeontol, State Key Lab Palaeobiol & Stratig, Nanjing 210008, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Ctr Excellence Life & Paleoenvironm, Nanjing 210008, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Coll Earth & Planetary Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
4.Peking Univ, Sch Earth & Space Sci, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
5.Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationNanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeonotology,CAS
Corresponding Author AffilicationNanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeonotology,CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Rong, Jiayu ,Wang, Yi ,Zhan, Renbin ,et al. Silurian integrative stratigraphy and timescale of China[J]. SCIENCE CHINA-EARTH SCIENCES,2019,62(1):89-111.
APA Rong, Jiayu .,Wang, Yi .,Zhan, Renbin .,Fan, Junxuan .,Huang, Bing .,...&Wei, Xin .(2019).Silurian integrative stratigraphy and timescale of China.SCIENCE CHINA-EARTH SCIENCES,62(1),89-111.
MLA Rong, Jiayu ,et al."Silurian integrative stratigraphy and timescale of China".SCIENCE CHINA-EARTH SCIENCES 62.1(2019):89-111.
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