Cretaceous integrative stratigraphy and timescale of China
Xi, Dangpeng1; Wan, Xiaoqiao1; Li, Guobiao1; Li, Gang (李罡)2

Cretaceous strata are widely distributed across China and record a variety of depositional settings. The sedimentary facies consist primarily of terrestrial, marine and interbedded marine-terrestrial deposits, of which marine and interbedded facies are relatively limited. Based a thorough review of the subdivisions and correlations of Cretaceous strata in China, we provide an up-to-date integrated chronostratigraphy and geochronologic framework of the Cretaceous system and its deposits in China. Cretaceous marine and interbedded marine-terrestrial sediments occur in southern Tibet, Karakorum, the western Tarim Basin, eastern Heilongjiang and Taiwan. Among these, the Himalayan area has the most complete marine deposits, the foraminiferal and ammonite biozonation of which can be correlated directly to the international standard biozones. Terrestrial deposits in central and western China consist predominantly of red, lacustrine-fluvial, clastic deposits, whereas eastern China, a volcanically active zone, contains clastic rocks in association with intermediate to acidic igneous rocks and features the most complete stratigraphic successions in northern Hebei, western Liaoning and the Songliao Basin. Here, we synthesise multiple stratigraphic concepts and charts from southern Tibet, northern Hebei to western Liaoning and the Songliao Basin to produce a comprehensive chronostratigraphic chart. Marine and terrestrial deposits are integrated, and this aids in the establishment of a comprehensive Cretaceous chronostratigraphy and temporal framework of China. Further research into the Cretaceous of China will likely focus on terrestrial deposits and mutual authentication techniques (e.g., biostratigraphy, chronostratigraphy, magnetostratigraphy and cyclostratigraphy). This study provides a more reliable temporal framework both for studying Cretaceous geological events and exploring mineral resources in China.

KeywordCretaceous Stage Age Biostratigraphy Chronostratigraphy Magnetostratigraphy Cyclostratigraphy Stratigraphic Correlation China
WOS KeywordOceanic Anoxic Event ; Carbon-cycle Perturbation ; Pb Zircon Ages ; Red Beds Corbs ; Songliao Basin ; Jehol-biota ; Southern Tibet ; Volcanic-rocks ; Eastern Heilongjiang ; Northeastern China
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[41790452] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41688103] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41172037] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41272030]
WOS Research AreaGeology
WOS SubjectGeosciences, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000455070400011
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China
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Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorWan, Xiaoqiao
Affiliation1.China Univ Geosci, State Key Lab Biogeol & Environm Geol, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Nanjing Inst Geol & Palaeontol, State Key Lab Palaeobiol & Stratig, Nanjing 210008, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
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GB/T 7714
Xi, Dangpeng,Wan, Xiaoqiao,Li, Guobiao,et al. Cretaceous integrative stratigraphy and timescale of China[J]. SCIENCE CHINA-EARTH SCIENCES,2019,62(1):256-286.
APA Xi, Dangpeng,Wan, Xiaoqiao,Li, Guobiao,&Li, Gang .(2019).Cretaceous integrative stratigraphy and timescale of China.SCIENCE CHINA-EARTH SCIENCES,62(1),256-286.
MLA Xi, Dangpeng,et al."Cretaceous integrative stratigraphy and timescale of China".SCIENCE CHINA-EARTH SCIENCES 62.1(2019):256-286.
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