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Constraints of bipolar and tropical bivalves on the northward drifting of the Indian Plate
Rao, Xin (饶馨)1,2; Sha, Jingeng (沙金庚)1,2; Peng, Bo3; Zhang, Xiaolin4; Cai, Huawei (蔡华伟)2,5
2019-05-15
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF ASIAN EARTH SCIENCES
ISSN1367-9120
Volume175Pages:68-73
Abstract

We employed a novel approach using the bipolar and tropical distributions of bivalves to track the northward drift of the Indian Plate. The Kimmeridgian-Tithonian Retroceramus, Tithonian Anopaea and Buchia, and Aptian-Cenomanian Aucellina were mainly restricted to areas poleward of 30 degrees N and 30 degrees S, but middle Oxfordian-latest Cretaceous rudist bivalves were mainly restricted to areas between the paleolatitudes 30 degrees S and 30 degrees N. The distributions of these paleolatitude indicators in late Mesozoic time record five major drifting phases of the northward translation of the Indian Plate. In the Late Jurassic-earliest Cretaceous, the Indian Plate was a part of Gondwana, and various bipolar bivalves were present. During the Aptian-Albian interval, the Indian Plate was separated from Gondwana, but most parts of this plate were still under cold water, likely south of 30 degrees S, and even at higher latitudes, because bipolar bivalves still existed at the northern margin of this plate, in the Tethyan Himalaya. In the Cenomanian, the northern part of the Indian Plate translated north into a warm/subtropical environments, north of 30 degrees S, but southern India was still in a cold region, south of 30 degrees S, as evidenced by Aucellina, which had already disappeared from the northern part of the Indian Plate, but still survived in southern India. In the latest Campanian, at least the Tethyan Himalaya of the northern margin of the Indian Plate had drifted into the area north of 30 degrees S, based on the appearance of Bournonia haydeni then in Tibet. Rudists occupied both the northern (Tethyan Himalaya) and southern (southern India) parts of the India Plate by the Maastrichtian, which demonstrate that the Indian Plate completely entered the tropical area, and roughly coincided with the initial collision between the Indian and Eurasian continents around the Maastrichtian-Paleocene.

KeywordBiogeography Indian Plate Mesozoic Bipolar Bivalves Tropic Bivalves
DOI10.1016/j.jseaes.2018.07.014
Language英语
WOS KeywordSouthern Tibet Implications ; Asia Collision Onset ; Basin Evolution ; China ; Paleocene ; Himalayas ; Rudists ; Tethys ; Region ; Time
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[41730317] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41702014] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDB03010101] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDPB05] ; State Key Laboratory of Palaeobiology and Stratigraphy[20162110] ; UNESCO-IUGS IGCP (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization-International Union of Geological Sciences)[632]
WOS Research AreaGeology
WOS SubjectGeosciences, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000464298500005
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; Chinese Academy of Sciences ; State Key Laboratory of Palaeobiology and Stratigraphy ; UNESCO-IUGS IGCP (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization-International Union of Geological Sciences)
PublisherPERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.nigpas.ac.cn/handle/332004/15756
Collection中国科学院南京地质古生物研究所
其他
Corresponding AuthorSha, Jingeng (沙金庚)
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Nanjing Inst Geol & Palaeontol, State Key Lab Palaeobiol & Stratig, 39 East Beijing Rd, Nanjing 210008, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Ctr Excellence Life & Paleoenvironm, 39 East Beijing Rd, Nanjing 210008, Peoples R China
3.China Geol Survey, Nanjing Ctr, Nanjing 210016, Peoples R China
4.Univ Sci & Technol, Sch Earth & Space Sci, CAS Key Lab Crust Mantle Mat & Environm, Hefei, Anhui, Peoples R China
5.Chinese Acad Sci, CAS Key Lab Econ Stratig & Palaeogeog, Nanjing Inst Geol & Palaeontol, Nanjing 210008, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationNanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeonotology,CAS
Corresponding Author AffilicationNanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeonotology,CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Rao, Xin ,Sha, Jingeng ,Peng, Bo,et al. Constraints of bipolar and tropical bivalves on the northward drifting of the Indian Plate[J]. JOURNAL OF ASIAN EARTH SCIENCES,2019,175:68-73.
APA Rao, Xin ,Sha, Jingeng ,Peng, Bo,Zhang, Xiaolin,&Cai, Huawei .(2019).Constraints of bipolar and tropical bivalves on the northward drifting of the Indian Plate.JOURNAL OF ASIAN EARTH SCIENCES,175,68-73.
MLA Rao, Xin ,et al."Constraints of bipolar and tropical bivalves on the northward drifting of the Indian Plate".JOURNAL OF ASIAN EARTH SCIENCES 175(2019):68-73.
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