NIGPAS OpenIR  > 中国科学院南京地质古生物研究所
Flourishing Sponge-Based Ecosystems after the End-Ordovician Mass Extinction
Botting, JP; Muir, LA; Zhang, YD (张元动); Ma, X (马譞); Ma, JY (马俊业); Wang, LW; Zhang, JF; Song, YY (宋妍妍); Fang, X (方翔)
Source PublicationCurrent Biology
AbstractThe Late Ordovician (Hirnantian, approximately 445 million years ago) extinction event was among the largest known, with 85% species loss [1]. Post-extinction survival faunas are invariably low diversity, especially benthic communities [2], but ecological structure was restored relatively rapidly [1]. This pattern, however, reflects organisms with robust skeletons, as only one exceptionally preserved Hirnantian fossil biota was previously known [3, 4]; in particular, almost no Hirnantian sponges have been recorded. Our study reveals an extraordinarily diverse, sponge-dominated community thriving immediately after the Hirnantian extinction in Zhejiang, South China. Several contemporaneous sites preserve a total diversity of over 75 sponge species, many with preserved soft tissues, in pronounced contrast to normal survival and early recovery faunas. This diversity is unprecedented for any Hirnantian fossil group, and the fauna provides a unique window into a post-extinction ecosystem. The sponges are often large and structurally complex and represent numerous different lineages that survived the extinction. Layers with abundant sponge remains were deposited after other mass extinctions [5, 6], suggesting a general pattern of sponge abundance during collapse of Phanerozoic marine ecosystems. It is possible that the conditions of ecological collapse increase the particulate food sources for sponges, while they themselves are relatively unaffected by the crises. Furthermore, the abundance of sponges in the Hirnantian sequence of South China may have aided post extinction ecosystem recovery by stabilizing the sediment surface, allowing sessile suspension feeders such as brachiopods, corals, and bryozoans to recover rapidly.
Indexed BySCI
WOS Research AreaBiochemistry & Molecular Biology ; Cell Biology
WOS SubjectBiochemistry & Molecular Biology ; Cell Biology
WOS IDWOS:000394724600027
Citation statistics
Cited Times:16[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorZhang, YD (张元动)
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Botting, JP,Muir, LA,Zhang, YD ,et al. Flourishing Sponge-Based Ecosystems after the End-Ordovician Mass Extinction[J]. Current Biology,2017,27(4):556-562.
APA Botting, JP.,Muir, LA.,Zhang, YD .,Ma, X .,Ma, JY .,...&Fang, X .(2017).Flourishing Sponge-Based Ecosystems after the End-Ordovician Mass Extinction.Current Biology,27(4),556-562.
MLA Botting, JP,et al."Flourishing Sponge-Based Ecosystems after the End-Ordovician Mass Extinction".Current Biology 27.4(2017):556-562.
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