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Constraining dolomitization by Mg isotopes: A case study from partially dolomitized limestones of the middle Cambrian Xuzhuang Formation, North China
Peng, Yang1,2; Shen, Bing1,2; Lang, Xian-Guo1,2; Huang, Kang-Jun1,2; Chen, Ji-Tao (陈吉涛)3; Yan, Zhen1,2; Tang, Wen-bo4; Ke, Shan5; Ma, Hao-Ran1,2; Li, Fang-Bing1,2

The dolomite problem refers to the rare dolomite formation in modern oceans that is in sharp contrast to the widespread ancient dolostone in rock record, as well as failure of laboratory inorganic dolomite precipitation at near Earth-surface temperature. Novel Mg isotope systematics provides a promising tool in resolving the dolomite problem. Here, we develop a protocol to place constraints on the dolomitization process by using Mg isotopes. In this study, we measured Mg isotopic compositions ( 26Mg) of two batches of partially dolomitized limestone samples from the middle Cambrian Xuzhuang Formation in North China. 26Mg varies between -0.55 and -3.18, and shows a negative linear correlation with 1[Mg], suggesting that 26Mg can be described by a binary mixing between the calcite and dolomite components. Mg isotopic composition of the dolomite component ( 26Mgdol) for the lower sample set that is collected from a 4 m stratigraphic interval containing three high-frequency ribbon rock-packstone cycles is -1.6, while 26Mgdol for the upper sample set (from a thick sequence of ribbon rock) is significantly higher (-0.3). However, neither mineralogical and elemental compositions, carbon and oxygen isotopes, nor crystal morphologies of dolomite provides diagnostic criteria to differentiate these two batches of samples. 26Mgdol of the Xuzhuang limestone is simulated by the Advective Flow (AF) and the Diffusion-Advection-Reaction (DAR) models. The AF model assumes that Mg is transported by advective fluid flows, while the DAR model simulates a contemporaneous seawater dolomitization process, in which Mg is delivered by diffusion. The AF modeling result indicates that 26Mg of the dolomitization fluid is +0.4 parts per thousand and +1.7 parts per thousand for the lower and upper sample sets, respectively. These values are significantly higher than modern and Cenozoic seawater Mg isotopic composition, suggesting that the dolomitization fluid is not contemporaneous seawater. The AF model also predicts spatially heterogeneous 26Mgdol with progressive enrichment in Mg-26 along the fluid flow pathway. In the DAR model, both dolomite content and 26Mgdol of the lower sample set can be simulated by using seawater Mg isotopic composition of -0.75 parts per thousand, thus contemporaneous seawater dolomitization may explain 26Mgdol of the Xuzhuang limestone. Furthermore, the DAR model demonstrates spatially homogeneous 26Mgdol. To differentiate the AF and DAR models, samples from multiple sections are required. Nevertheless, this study implies that Mg isotope might be a useful tool in the study of dolomitization.

KeywordDolomitization Mg Isotopes Advective Flow Model Dar Model
WOS KeywordMagnesium-isotope ; Microbial Mediation ; Marl Alternations ; Clay-minerals ; Seawater ; Fractionation ; Diagenesis ; Chemistry ; Precipitation ; Systematics
Funding ProjectNatural Science Foundation of China[41272017] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[41322021]
WOS Research AreaGeochemistry & Geophysics
WOS SubjectGeochemistry & Geophysics
WOS IDWOS:000375144700026
Funding OrganizationNatural Science Foundation of China
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Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorShen, Bing
Affiliation1.Peking Univ, MOE, Key Lab Orogen Belts & Crustal Evolut, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
2.Peking Univ, Sch Earth & Space Sci, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Nanjing Inst Geol & Palaeontol, Key Lab Econ Stratig & Palaeogeog, Nanjing, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
4.Arizona State Univ, Sch Math & Stat Sci, Tempe, AZ USA
5.China Univ Geosci, State Key Lab Geol Proc & Mineral Resources, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Peng, Yang,Shen, Bing,Lang, Xian-Guo,et al. Constraining dolomitization by Mg isotopes: A case study from partially dolomitized limestones of the middle Cambrian Xuzhuang Formation, North China[J]. GEOCHEMISTRY GEOPHYSICS GEOSYSTEMS,2016,17(3):1109-1129.
APA Peng, Yang.,Shen, Bing.,Lang, Xian-Guo.,Huang, Kang-Jun.,Chen, Ji-Tao .,...&Li, Fang-Bing.(2016).Constraining dolomitization by Mg isotopes: A case study from partially dolomitized limestones of the middle Cambrian Xuzhuang Formation, North China.GEOCHEMISTRY GEOPHYSICS GEOSYSTEMS,17(3),1109-1129.
MLA Peng, Yang,et al."Constraining dolomitization by Mg isotopes: A case study from partially dolomitized limestones of the middle Cambrian Xuzhuang Formation, North China".GEOCHEMISTRY GEOPHYSICS GEOSYSTEMS 17.3(2016):1109-1129.
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